Eczema, or atopic dermatitis, is a long-term skin problem causing dry, itchy, and red skin. It can be triggered by various factors, including skin infections, allergens, and environmental irritants. People with eczema often experience symptoms such as dry skin, redness, itching, and, in severe cases, skin sores. It is essential to identify and avoid triggers that can exacerbate eczema flare-ups, such as certain soaps, detergents, and environmental allergens.
Dr. Borysiewicz explains that as the skin ages, it can become dry, which can exacerbate any underlying eczema tendency. Itchiness often arises from systemic issues like diabetes, thyroid problems, reduced kidney or liver function, and even certain medications.
A crucial aspect of managing eczema and dermatitis is following a proper skincare routine. Use fragrance-free, non-soap cleansers and moisturise often to keep skin healthy and prevent dryness. It is also important to avoid triggers such as harsh soaps, detergents, and environmental irritants that can worsen the symptoms of eczema. Additionally, for individuals with atopic dermatitis, taking care of the skin is vital, as the skin barrier is often compromised, leading to inflammation, itchiness, and redness.
When it comes to treating eczema, healthcare professionals often prescribe medications such as topical corticosteroids to reduce inflammation and itching. However, it is essential to be aware of the potential side effects of these medications, such as skin thinning. In addition to traditional treatments, newer non-steroidal treatment strategies, including topical immunomodulators, are available and can be considered for individuals who need to frequently apply strong steroid creams. These products can help soothe sore, dry, and itchy skin without the potential side effects of steroids.
Managing eczema and dermatitis also involves making lifestyle adjustments to minimise exposure to triggers. This includes using washing detergents and fabric conditioners formulated for sensitive skin, as well as avoiding environmental allergens that can exacerbate symptoms. People with eczema should also consider maintaining a healthy, balanced diet, as food allergies can sometimes contribute to eczema flare-ups. Additionally, individuals with eczema may benefit from using prebiotic-containing products to support a healthy skin microbiome and reduce the risk of flare-ups.
In conclusion, there are numerous solutions for managing eczema and dermatitis, from skincare and treatment strategies to lifestyle and nutrition adjustments. With the right approach, individuals can effectively alleviate the discomfort caused by these conditions and improve their quality of life.